1919, The Year of Racial Violence : How African Americans Fought Back

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1919, The Year of Racial Violence recounts African Americans' brave stand against a cascade of mob attacks in the United States after World War I. The emerging New Negro identity, which prized unflinching resistance to second-class citizenship, further inspired veterans and their fellow black citizens. In city after city - Washington, DC; Chicago; Charleston; and elsewhere - black men and women took up arms to repel mobs that used lynching, assaults, and other forms of violence to protect white supremacy; yet, authorities blamed blacks for the violence, leading to mass arrests and misleading news coverage. Refusing to yield, African Americans sought accuracy and fairness in the courts of public opinion and the law. This is the first account of this three-front fight - in the streets, in the press, and in the courts - against mob violence during one of the worst years of racial conflict in US history. ...

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    Author: By (author)  David F. Krugler
    Format: Paperback
    Language: English
    More Product Information 1: Table of contents
    Introduction; 1. World War I and the New Negro movement; 2. 'We return fighting': the first wave of armed resistance; 3. Fighting a mob in uniform: armed resistance in Washington, DC; 4. Blood in the streets: armed resistance in Chicago; 5. Armed resistance to the courthouse mobs; 6. Armed resistance to economic exploitation in Arkansas, Indiana, and Louisiana; 7. 'It is my only protection': federal and state efforts to disarm African Americans; 8. The fight for justice: the arrests and trials of black and white rioters; 9. The fight for justice: the death penalty cases; 10. Fighting Judge Lynch; Conclusion: 1919's aftermath and its importance in the black freedom struggle. ...

    More Product Information 2: Review quote
    'Decades before the Black Power movement brought a national spotlight to armed self-defense, African Americans waged a multi-front battle to protect themselves and their communities from white supremacist violence. This powerful book captures the high cost and high stakes of the War for Democracy brought home. By turns devastating and inspiring, it sets the new standard for exploring African Americans' struggle for safety, truth, and justice in the aftermath of World War I.' Adriane Lentz-Smith, Duke University, North Carolina 'David Krugler's 1919, The Year of Racial Violence continues the narrative of the tradition of armed resistance in the Black freedom struggle. Most of the recent scholarship on armed resistance focuses on the Civil Rights Mov......

    More Product Information 3: About David F. Krugler
    David F. Krugler is Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin, Platteville. ...